Construction can be a hazardous business.
This is widely recognized by OSH, and everyone in the construction industry. When accidents happen, the costs are high – in people, profits and productivity. One of the best ways to avoid injuries and minimize costs is through good planning and co-ordination – both before and on the job. This should start when the decision is made to go ahead with the project, and should consider all stages and parties associated with the work. In this case, the size of the job doesn't matter — systems do.
The seven important points for successful planning include:
  • A commitment to safe practice
  • Knowledge/expertise
  • Effective management
  • Co-ordination/communication/feedback
  • Information
  • Training
  • Monitoring/reporting

  • It is in your interests to make sure that health and safety are integral to the total planning for the project. To be sure you are meeting requirements at this early stage, make sure you consider the following points:
  • Designers and advisers you have appointed have the necessary health and safety knowledge and experience.
  • Time frames and budgets will allow health and safety provisions to be included in the project.
  • Procedures will be in place to assess contractors' ability to manage and control health and safety on the project.
  • Plans to monitor on-site health and safety will be included.
  • All relevant health and safety information about the project, such as any known hazards, will be provided to the advisers and contractors.
  • Procedures will be developed to make sure there is ongoing co-ordination of information and activity between all contractors (and the client) during construction.

  • The construction stage site-specific health and safety plan sets out the arrangements for securing the health and safety of everyone carrying out the work and all others who may be affected by it. It deals with:
  • the arrangements for the management of health and safety of the workplace (such as hazard identification, evacuation, site safety checks, and so on)
  • the monitoring systems for checking that the health and safety plan is being followed (such as evidence of regular health and safety site awareness talks)
  • health and safety risks to those at work, and risks to others arising from the work — or from other work in the premises where the work may be carried out

  • The construction industry has been considered to be dangerous for a long time. The nature of work at site always presents some dangers and hazards. There are a relatively high number of injuries and accidents at construction sites. Safety represents an important aspect of construction projects. Every project manager tries to ensure that a project is completed without major accidents on the site.
    The construction site should be a safe place for those working there. Necessary measures are always required to ensure safety of all those working at construction sites. Effective risk control strategies are necessary to reduce and prevent accidents.
    Contract documents normally stipulate that the contractor, upon signing the contract, has to submit a safety and accident prevention program.
    It emphasizes that all personnel have to put in efforts to prevent injuries and accidents. In the program, the contractor has to incorporate safety and health requirements of local authorities, manuals of accident prevention in construction, and all other local codes and regulations. A safety violation notice is issued if the contractor or any of his subcontractors are not complying with safety requirements. Figure 4.81 illustrates a safety violation report, on the basis of which action has to be taken by the contractor.
    Penalties are also imposed on the contractor for noncompliance with the site safety program. The safety program shall embody the prevention of accidents, injury, occupational illness, and property damage. The contract
    specifies that a safety officer is engaged by the contractor to monitor safety measures. The safety officer is normally responsible for
  • Conducting safety meetings
  • Monitoring on-the-job safety
  • Inspecting the work and identifying hazardous areas
  • Initiating a safety awareness program
  • Ensuring availability of first aid and emergency medical services per local codes and regulations
  • Ensuring that personnel are using protective equipment such as hard hat, safety shoes, protective clothing, life belt, and protective eye coverings
  • Ensuring that the temporary firefighting system is working
  • Ensuring that work areas are free from trash and hazardous material
  • Housekeeping